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Angular 5 vs Angular 6

What's New In Angular 6? What Are Improvements In Angular 6?

Off-course! Angular 6 being smaller, faster and easier to use and it will making developers life easierRecently Angular 6.0.0-beta.7 is released and production release on end of March 2018.

The Angular Team are working on lots of bug fixes, new features and added/update/remove/ re-introduce/ and may more things.

Let’s start to explore all changes of Angular 6 step by step!

Added ng update - This CLI commands will update your angular project dependencies to their latest versions. The ng update is normal package manager tools to identify and update other dependencies.

ng update

Angular 6 uses RxJS 6 - this is the third-party library (RxJS) and introduces two important changes as compared to RxJS 5.
1.      RxJS 6 introduces a new internal package structure
2.      Operator concept

Both are requires you to update your existing code

To update to RxJS 6, you simply run -
npm install --save rxjs@6

Simply run the blow command and update your existing Angular project-
npm install --save rxjs-compat

Alternatively, you can use the command - ng update rxjs to update RxJS and install the rxjs-compat package automatically.

RxJS 6 Related import paths -
Instead of -
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import { Subject } from 'rxjs/Subject';

Use a single import -
import { Observable, Subject } from 'rxjs';

So all from rxjs/Something imports become from one 'rxjs'

Operator imports have to change -
Instead of
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/throttle';

Now you can use -
import { map, throttle } from 'rxjs/operators';


Instead of
import 'rxjs/add/observable/of';

Now you can use -
import { of } from 'rxjs';

RxJS 6 Changes - Changed Operator Usage

Instead of-
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/throttle'; => data * 2)

You can use the new pipe () method,
import { map, throttle } from 'rxjs/operators';

  .pipe(map(data => data * 2), throttle(...))

CLI update and added a new project config file - Instead of “.angular-cli.json” using “angular.json”
Now in Angular 6 new projects use an “angular.json” file instead of “.angular-cli.json” file.

ng update @angular/cli --from=1 --migrate-only

The above command helps you to update your existing “.angular-cli.json” file to the new “angular.json” file.

The “angular.json” file contains the Properties -
1.      Version - This is integer file format version and it is currently 1.
2.      newProjectRoot - This is string path where new projects will be created.
3.      defaultProject - This is default project name used in commands.
4.      CLI - This is workspace configuration options for Angular CLI and it contains
a.      defaultCollection
b.      packageManager
c.       warnings
d.      And so on.
5.      Schematics - This is configuration options for Schematics.
6.      Projects - This is configuration options for each project in the workspace and it contains
a.      root
b.      sourceRoot
c.       projectType
d.      prefix
e.      schematics

f.        Architect - This is the project configuration for Architect targets.

The <template> deprecated, Now Angular 6 introduce <ng-template> –
Now in Angular 6, you should use <ng-template> instead of <template>

For example, previously you are using
<template [ngIf]="IsAdmin">
  <p>This template renders only if IsAdmin is true.</p>

Now in Angular 6, you should use <ng-template> instead of <template>
<ng-template [ngIf]="IsAdmin">
  <p>This template renders only if IsAdmin is true.</p>

Service level changes (the way of marking a service as global) -
In the earlier versions, if you want to provide a service to the entire application –you should add it to providers [] in the AppModule but in the Angular 6 released you should not add in the providers [] in the AppModule.

Example for marking a service as global -

Instead of
export class MyService { }

//In app.module.ts
//JavaScript imports services
import { MyService } from './my-serice.service';

//AppModule class with the @NgModule decorator
  declarations: [],
  providers: [MyService] //My services instances are now available across the entire app.
export class AppModule {
   //exporting app module

Use with Angular 6 released-
@Injectable({providedIn: 'root'})
export class MyService { }

  declarations: [],
  providers: [] // Service does not need to be added here
export class AppModule {}

The second one obviously saves you some lines of code as compare to previous code.

Angular 6 introduces Angular Elements -
The elements are a feature that allows you to compile Angular components to native web components which you can use in your Angular application.

An angular element is a package which is part of the Angular framework @angular/elements.

 For more detail kindly refer the click to Angular Elements

Angular 6 introduces new Ivy Renderer -
The new Ivy renders and it’s not stable for now and it’s only in beta version. It will stable in future for production.

Ivy Renderer is new rendering engine which is designed to be backward compatible with existing render and focused to improve the speed of rendering and it optimizes the size of the final package. 

The main goal of Ivy render is to speed up its loading time and reduce the bundle size of your applications. Also for uses a different approach for rendering Angular components.

For Angular, this will not be default renderer, but you can manually enable it in compiler options. 

Bazel Compiler -
The Bazel Complier is a build system used for nearly all software built at Google.

From Angular 6 release, will start having the Bazel compiler support and when you compile the code with Bazel Compiler, you will recompile entire code base, but it compiles only with necessary code.

The Bazel Complier uses advanced local and distributed caching, optimized dependency analysis and parallel execution.

For more detail kindly refer the Angular 6

Replace Context, Record and Injectors -
Replace ngOutletContext with ngTemplateOutletContext
Replace CollectionChangeRecord with IterableChangeRecord
Now use Renderer2, Instead of Renderer

Now use StaticInjector, Instead of ReflectiveInjector,

Angular 6 Renamed Operators -
The lists of renamed operators are –
1.      do() => tap()
2.      catch() => catchError()
3.      finally() => finalize()
4.      switch() => switchAll()
5.      throw() => throwError()
6.      fromPromise() => from()

Angular 6 introduces multiple validators for array method of FormBuilder
import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import {FormsModule, FormBuilder, FormGroup} from '@angular/forms';

constructor(private fb: FormBuilder) {}
myForm: FormGroup;

ngOnInit() {
  this.myForm ={
      text: ['', Validators.required],
      options: this.fb.array([], [MyValidators.minCount, MyValidators.maxCount])

Addition of navigationSource and restoredState to NavigationStart -

These two properties help us to handle multiple use cases in routing.

NgModelChange Now emitted after value and validity is updated on its control. Previously, it was emitted before updated.

As the updated value of the control is available, the handler will become more powerful

Previously  -
<input [(ngModel)]="name" (ngModelChange)="onChange($event)">

onChange(value) {
  console.log(value);   // would log the updated value, not old value

Now Use -
<input #modelDir="ngModel" [(ngModel)]="name" (ngModelChange)="onChange(modelDir)">

onChange(NgModel: NgModel) {
  console.log(NgModel.value);// would log old value, not updated value

Form Control statusChanges – Angular 6 emits an event of “PENDING” when we call Abstract Control markAsPending.

New optional generic type ElementRef – This optional generic type will help to get hold of the native element of given custom Element as ElementRef Type.

Let’s see in depths-

1) Typescript 2.6.x supports
2) Added Angular Material and CDK Stable
3) Component Dev Kit (CDK) - CDK allows you to build your own library of UI components using Angular Material.

4) Improved decorator error messages
5) Fix platform-detection example for Universal
6) Ivy Renderer - It is a new backward compatible and main focused area - speed improvements, size reduction, and increased flexibility.

7) Add afterContentInit and afterContentChecked to render
8) Added to supports of nativeElement
9) Added Optional generic type for ElementRef
The Example looks like -

10) Bazel Compiler - Bazel only rebuilds what is necessary.
11) Added Test Comment
12) Add missing lifecycle tests for projected components
13) Closure Compiler - Closure Compiler consistently generates smaller bundles.
14) Rename QueryPredicate to LQuery and LQuery to LQueries
15) Service Worker - Service worker is a script that runs in the web browser. It also manages caching for an application.

16) Added multiple validators for array method of FormBuilder

17) Handle string with and without line boundary - Now Handle string with and without line boundary (^ & $) on pattern validators. Previously, it works with string not boundaries.

18) AbstractControl statusChanges - Previous version, not emits an event when you called “markAsPending” but now emits an event of "PENDING" when we call AbstractControl markAsPending.

19) Updates on NgModelChange - Now emitted after value and validity is updated on its control. Previously, it was emitted before updated.
20) Allow HttpInterceptors to inject HttpClient –
Previously, an interceptor attempting to inject HttpClient directly would receive a circular dependency error, as HttpClient was constructed via a factory which injected the interceptor instances. Users want to inject HttpClient into interceptors to make supporting.

Either HttpClient or the user has to deal specially with the circular Dependency. This change moves that responsibility into HttpClient itself. By utilizing a new class HttpInterceptingHandler which lazily Loads the set of interceptors at request time, it's possible to inject HttpClient directly into interceptors as construction of HttpClient no longer requires the interceptor chain to be constructed.

21) Add navigationSource and restoredState to NavigationStart – Currently, NavigationStart there is no way to know if navigation was triggered imperatively or via the location change. These two use cases should be handled differently for a variety of use cases (e.g., scroll position restoration). This PR adds a navigation source field and restored navigation id (passed to navigations triggered by a URL change).

22) Add type and hooks to directive def
23) Enable size tracking of a minimal CLI render3 application
24) Add canonical view query
25) Language Service – The 2.6 version of Typescript’s “resolveModuleName” started to require paths passed to be separated by '/' instead of being able to handle '\'.

Where to download the Angular 6 beta -

Please see the complete list of features and bug fixes - Angular, Material and CLI -
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