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Angular Signals with Examples

Angular 16 has introduced a feature called “Signals” which allows defining reactive values and expressing dependencies between them.


What are Angular Signals?

A Signal according to Angular 16 documentation is:

A signal is a wrapper around a value that can notify interested consumers when that value changes. Signals can contain any value, from simple primitives to complex data structures.

A signal's value is always read through a getter function, which allows Angular to track where the signal is used.

Signals may be either writable or read-only.

The angular signal () function creates a signal. This function takes two input parameters.

1. Initial value

2. Optional Equality function.

Whenever there is a change or update in signal value, it propgates the change to effect () such that you can run custom code inside the effect () function.

Using the equality function, you can write your own business logic to determine whether change should propagate to effect () or not.


Example 1:

Using Signals to update a total price:

For the e-commerce application where users can add items to their shopping cart. To display the ‘Total Price’ of the items and update it every time new items are added or removed from the shopping cart. The angular signal will help us to update the ‘Total Price’ of the items accordingly.

Here’s how you can use Signals to achieve this:


  selector: 'my-cart',

  template: `


      <li *ngFor="let item of items">

        {{}} - ${{item.price}}

        <button (click)="removeItem(item)">Remove</button>



    Total Price: ${{totalPrice()}}



export class CartComponent {

  items = [{ name: 'Product1, price: 5 },    { name: 'Product2', price: 8 },    { name: 'Product3', price: 10 },  ];


  // Define a signal for the list of items

  itemList = signal(this.items);


  // Define a computed value for the total price

  totalPrice = computed(() => {

    return this.itemList().reduce((acc, curr) => acc + curr.price, 0);



  removeItem(item) {

    // Update the itemList signal by removing the selected item

    this.itemList.set(this.itemList().filter((i) => i !== item));




Example 2:

Using Signals to show/hide a loading spinner:

We have a component that fetches data from an API and displays it in a table. We want to load the spinner while the data is being fetched. The angular signal is helping us to show/Hide the loading spinner at the time API Request/Response process.

Here’s how you can use Signals to achieve this:


  selector: 'my-table',

  template: `

    <div *ngIf="isLoading()">



    <table *ngIf="!isLoading()">





export class TableComponent {

  // Define a signal for the loading state (showing the spinner)

  loading = signal(true);


  ngOnInit() {

    // Fetch the data from the API

    fetchData().subscribe((data) => {

      // Update the loading signal to hide the spinner



      // Render the data in the table





  isLoading() {

    return this.loading();




Example 3:

Using Signals for reactive programming in applications:

This example incorporates multiple signals, computed signals, and effects to demonstrate their usage in a more complex scenario.

import { signal, computed, effect } from 'signal';


// Writable signals

const firstName = signal(Anil);

const lastName = signal(Singh);

const age = signal(36);


// Computed signal to calculate the full name

const fullName = computed(() => `${firstName()} ${lastName()}`);


// Computed signal to determine if the person is an adult or not

const isAdult = computed(() => age() >= 18);


// Effect to log the full name and adult status whenever any of the signals change

effect(() => {

  console.log(`Full Name: ${fullName()}`);

  console.log(`Is Adult: ${isAdult()}`);



// Update the values of the writable signals




By Anil Singh | Rating of this article (*****)

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