Angular 4 handle XSS CSRF Attacks

How To Handle XSS or CSRF Attacks in Angular 4 ?

How does Angular 4 handle with XSS or CSRF Attacks?
A Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attack is a type of injection that can be carried out to users understanding of a website. The attackers inject to client-side scripts into web pages which are viewed by users.
Attacker access to the user’s cookies, session Ids, passwords and other private data and this XSS attacks are affect your website. The XSS attacks are common in web browsers.

Stayed Informed Angular 4 docs and Angular 5 docs

How can XSS be done in an Angular application?

There are some ways to do attack in an Angular application.
HTML 
Attributes – 
<div [innerHTML]="UNTRUSTED"></div> 
OR <input value="UNTRUSTED">

Style<div [style]="height:UNTRUSTED"></div>

URL <a [href]="UNTRUSTED-URL"></a> 
OR <script [src]="UNTRUSTED-URL"></script> 
OR <iframe src="UNTRUSTED-URL" />

GET Parameter<a href="/user?id=UNTRUSTED">link</a>

JavaScript Variable<script> var value='UNTRUSTED';</script>

How can we fix it?
HTML Attributes -
Problem -
<div [innerHTML]="UNTRUSTED"></div> 
OR <input value="UNTRUSTED">
Solution - Convert to HTML entities

Style -
Problem -
<div [style]="height:UNTRUSTED"></div>

Solution -CSS hex encode the value.

URL -
Problem -
<a [href]="UNTRUSTED-URL"></a>
OR <script [src]="UNTRUSTED-URL"></script> 
OR <iframe src="UNTRUSTED-URL" />

Solution - Prevent JavaScript from running by using a protocol handler.

GET Parameter –
Problem -
<a href="/users?id=UNTRUSTED">link</a>

Solution - URL encodes the user data and prevents the use of ampersand as it may lead to parameter pollution issues.

JavaScript Variable –
Problem -
<script>var value='UNTRUSTED';</script>

Solution - Quote around variable and hex encode. Prevent line breaks.

How To Preventing Cross Site Scripting (XSS) in Angular? 
How Angular Protects Us From XSS Attacks?
The Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attack is a type of injection and attackers inject your web applications using the client side scripts and malicious code into web pages.

An attacker can insert vulnerability scripts and malicious code in your web applications.
The Angular treats all values as untrusted by default. This is the great advantages of Angular.

When a value is Inserted Vulnerability into the DOM from –
1.     A Template
2.     Property
3.     Attribute
4.     Style
5.     Class Binding
6.     Interpolation
7.     And so on.
Angular recognizes the value as unsafe and automatically sanitizes and removes the script tag and other security vulnerabilities.

Angular provides built-in, values as untrusted by default, anti XSS and CSRF/XSRF protection.
The CookieXSRFStrategy class takes care of preventing XSS and CSRF/XSRF attacks.
The DomSanitizationService takes care of removing the dangerous bits in order to prevent XSS attacks.

Angular applications must follow the same security principles as regular web applications -
1.     You should avoid direct use of the DOM APIs.
2.     You should enable Content Security Policy (CSP) and configure your web server to return appropriate CSP HTTP headers.
3.     You should Use the offline template compiler.
4.     You should Use Server Side XSS protection.
5.     You should Use DOM Sanitizer.

6.     You should Preventing CSRF or XSRF attacks.

Example
export const BROWSER_SANITIZATION_PROVIDERS: Array<any> = [
  {provide: Sanitizer, useExisting: DomSanitizer},
  {provide: DomSanitizer, useClass: DomSanitizerImpl},
];

@NgModule({
  providers: [
    BROWSER_SANITIZATION_PROVIDERS
    ...
  ],
  exports: [CommonModule, ApplicationModule]
})
export class BrowserModule {}


DOM sanitization - Use to clean untrusted parts of values -
export enum SecurityContext { NONE, HTML, STYLE, SCRIPT, URL, RESOURCE_URL }

export abstract class DomSanitizer implements Sanitizer {
  abstract sanitize(context: SecurityContext, value: SafeValue|string|null): string|null;
  abstract bypassSecurityTrustHtml(value: string): SafeHtml;
  abstract bypassSecurityTrustStyle(value: string): SafeStyle;
  abstract bypassSecurityTrustScript(value: string): SafeScript;
  abstract bypassSecurityTrustUrl(value: string): SafeUrl;
  abstract bypassSecurityTrustResourceUrl(value: string): SafeResourceUrl;
}


The DOM Sanitize Methods –
sanitize(ctx: SecurityContext, value: SafeValue|string|null): string|null {
  if (value == null) return null;
 
  switch (ctx) {
    case SecurityContext.NONE:
      return value as string;
     
    case SecurityContext.HTML:
      if (value instanceof SafeHtmlImpl) return value.changingThisBreaksApplicationSecurity;
      this.checkNotSafeValue(value, 'HTML');
      return sanitizeHtml(this._doc, String(value));
     
    case SecurityContext.STYLE:
      if (value instanceof SafeStyleImpl) return value.changingThisBreaksApplicationSecurity;
      this.checkNotSafeValue(value, 'Style');
      return sanitizeStyle(value as string);
     
    case SecurityContext.SCRIPT:
      if (value instanceof SafeScriptImpl) return value.changingThisBreaksApplicationSecurity;
      this.checkNotSafeValue(value, 'Script');
      throw new Error('unsafe value used in a script context');
     
    case SecurityContext.URL:
      if (value instanceof SafeResourceUrlImpl || value instanceof SafeUrlImpl) {
        // Allow resource URLs in URL contexts, they are strictly more trusted.
        return value.changingThisBreaksApplicationSecurity;
      }
      this.checkNotSafeValue(value, 'URL');
      return sanitizeUrl(String(value));
     
    case SecurityContext.RESOURCE_URL:
      if (value instanceof SafeResourceUrlImpl) {
        return value.changingThisBreaksApplicationSecurity;
      }
      this.checkNotSafeValue(value, 'ResourceURL');
      throw new Error(
          'unsafe value used in a resource URL context (see http://g.co/ng/security#xss)');
         
    default:
      throw new Error(`Unexpected SecurityContext ${ctx} (see http://g.co/ng/security#xss)`);
  }
}



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ANIL SINGH

Hey! I'm Anil Singh. I author this blog. I'm Active Blogger, Programmer. I love learning new technologies, programming, blogging and participating the forum discussions more...
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