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How do I undo the most recent commits in Git?

Solution 1,


To undo the most recent commits in Git, you can use the 'git reset' command with the '--hard' option. Here are the steps:

Step 1: Open your Git repository in the command line or terminal.

Step 2: Use the 'git log' command to view the commit history and identify the commit hash of the commit you want to undo. The most recent commit will be at the top of the list.

Step 3: Use the 'git reset --hard <commit-hash>' command to reset the repository to the commit before the one you want to undo. Replace '<commit-hash>' with the hash of the commit you want to undo.


For example, if the hash of the commit you want to undo is aks, the command will be: 'git reset --hard aks'


This will remove the most recent commit, along with any changes that were made in that commit. Be sure to double-check that you are resetting to the correct commit, as this command can permanently delete changes.

Note: If you have already pushed the commits to a remote repository, you may need to use git push --force to update the remote repository with the changes. However, be careful when using 'git push --force', as it can overwrite changes made by other users.


Solution 2,


To undo the most recent commit in Git, you can use the git reset command. Here are the steps:

Step 1: Open your terminal and navigate to the Git repository.

Step 2: Type 'git log' to view the commit history and copy the hash value of the commit you want to undo.

Step 3: Type 'git reset --hard HEAD~1' to undo the most recent commit.


In the above command, 'HEAD~1' refers to the commit before the current one, which is the one you want to undo.

The '--hard' option discards all changes associated with the commit and resets the repository to the state of the commit before it.

If you want to undo more than one commit, you can replace '1' with the number of commits you want to undo.


For example, 'git reset --hard HEAD~3' will undo the last three commits.

Note that this command will permanently delete the undone commit and its changes from your local repository, so make sure you have committed any changes you want to keep before running it. If you have already pushed the undone commit to a remote repository, you will need to use git push --force to update the remote repository with the changes.

By Anil Singh | Rating of this article (*****)

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