Angular 2 Services Singleton Examples

How To Create & Call Angular 2 Service s in Components?

What is an Angular 2 Service?
Angular 2 service is a class that encapsulates some methods (GET/POST/PUT) and provides it result as a service for across your application.

What are the features of Angular 2 Service?
The Angular 2 is using services concept and it provide the multiple features to us that are,
1.      Services are singleton objects.
2.      Services are capable of returning the data in the form promises or observables.
3.      Service class is decorated with Injectable decorator.
4.      The Injectable decorator is required only if our service class is making use of some Angular injectable like Http, Response and HttpModule service within it.

Stayed Informed – Angular 2 Tutorials and Examples

Steps for creating an Angular 2 Service:-
There are four steps as,
1.      Import the injectable member i.e.
import {Injectable} from '@angular/core';
2.      Import the HttpModule, Http and Response members’ i.e.
import { HttpModule, Http, Response } from '@angular/http';
3.      Add the @Injectable Decorator i.e. @Injectable()
4.      Export to the Service class i.e.

export class UserService {
       constructor(private _http: Http) {  }
   }

Steps for Calling an Angular 2 Service in the Angular 2 Component class:-
There are four steps to calling a service in component as,
1.      Create or Import the Service to the component class.
2.      Add it as a component provider.
3.      Include it through Dependency Injection.
4.      Use the Service function in the component.

Example as,

I hope this will help you to understand and create the basic of Angular 2 service. I am creating a user service and this user service returns the list of users.

After creating user service, I will use the user service “getUsers()” method in the user component’s ngOnInit() method to load the returns user collections on user screen.

I am also using the REST API Url (https://api.github.com/users/hadley/orgs) and this RESTful API will returns the users.

app.module.ts :-
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';
import { UniversalModule } from 'angular2-universal';
import { FormsModule, ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpModule } from '@angular/http';
import { AppComponent } from './components/app/app.component';
import { UserComponent } from './components/user/user.component';
import { HeaderComponent } from './components/shared/header/header.component';
import { MenuComponent } from './components/menu/menu.component';
import { LoginComponent } from './components/login/login.component';
import { RegistrationComponent } from './components/registration/registration.component';
import { UserService } from './components/shared/service/user.service';
import { BarCodePipe } from './components/shared/pipe/custom.barcode.pipe';
import { MyPipePipe } from './components/shared/pipe/test.pipes';

@NgModule({
    bootstrap: [ AppComponent ],
    declarations: [
        AppComponent,
        UserComponent,
        HeaderComponent,
        MenuComponent,
        LoginComponent,
        RegistrationComponent,
        BarCodePipe,
        MyPipePipe
    ],
    imports: [
        UniversalModule, // MUST BE FIRST IMPORT. THIS AUTOMATICALLY IMPORTS BROWSERMODULE, HTTPMODULE, AND JSONPMODULE TOO.
        RouterModule.forRoot([ //RouterModule.forRoot method in the module imports to configure the router.
            { path: '', redirectTo: 'user', pathMatch: 'full' },
            { path: 'user/:id', component: UserComponent }, //HERE ID IS A ROUTE PARAMETER.
            { path: 'login', component: LoginComponent },
            { path: 'registration', component: RegistrationComponent },
            { path: '**', redirectTo: 'user' }
        ]),
        FormsModule,
        ReactiveFormsModule       
    ],
    providers: [UserService]
})
export class AppModule {
}

user.service.ts :-
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Http, Response } from '@angular/http';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map';

//BEGIN-REGION - USERSERVICE
@Injectable()
export class UserService {
    constructor(private _http: Http) {
    }

    getUsers(apiUrl) {
        return this._http.get(apiUrl).map((data: Response) => data.json());
    }
}

//END BEGIN - USERSERVICE

user.component.ts
import { Component, Injectable} from '@angular/core';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';
import { HttpModule, Http } from '@angular/http';
import { UserService } from '../shared/service/user.service';
import { BarCodePipe } from '../shared/pipe/custom.barcode.pipe';

@Component({
    selector: 'user',
    templateUrl: './user.component.html',
    styleUrls: ['./user.component.css']
})

export class UserComponent {
    //USERS DECLARATIONS.
    users = [];

    //FETCHING JSON DATA FROM REST APIS
    userRestApiUrl: string = 'https://api.github.com/users/hadley/orgs';

    //HOME COMPONENT CONSTRUCTOR
    constructor(private userService: UserService) {  }

    //GET USERS SERVICE ON PAGE LOAD.
    ngOnInit() {
        this.userService.getUsers(this.userRestApiUrl).subscribe(data => this.users = data);
    }
}
//END BEGIN - USERCOMPONENT

user.component.html :-
<div class="row">
<div class="col-lg-12">
    <div class="ibox float-e-margins">
        <div class="ibox-title">
            <h2>Angular 2 - User Services</h2>
        </div>
        <hr />
        <div class="ibox-content">
            <div class="table-responsive">
                <table class="table table-striped">
                    <thead>
                        <tr>
                            <th>ID</th>
                            <th>Name </th>
                            <th>Description </th>
                            <th>URls </th>
                        </tr>
                    </thead>
                    <tbody>
                        <tr *ngFor="let user of users; let i = index" class="tbl-row-border">
                            <td>{{user.id | barcode: true}}</td>
                            <td>{{user.login}}</td>
                            <td>{{user.description}}</td>
                            <td><a href="{{user.public_members_url}}" target="_blank">{{user.public_members_url}}</a></td>                              
                        </tr>
                    </tbody>
                </table>
            </div>
        </div>           
    </div>
</div>

</div>

Result :-

Note – If you need the example source code, email me and will send you code.

I hope you are enjoying with this post! Please share with you friends. Thank you!!
ANIL SINGH

Hey! I'm Anil Singh. I author this blog. I'm Active Blogger, Programmer. I love learning new technologies, programming, blogging and participating the forum discussions more...
http://www.code-sample.com
http://www.code-sample.xyz

You Might Also Like
Post a Comment
www.code-sample.com/. Powered by Blogger.